Generaloberst Werner von Blomberg in happier days, sometime between the summer of 1934 and the autumn of 1937. Born in 1878 in Stargard, Pomerania, he joined the Army at an early age and served in WW1 with distinction, where he was awarded the Pour le Mérite, the highest award for extraordinary achievement in battle. After the war, he served in the Reichswehr in different capacities, like Chief of the Troop Office. With the rise of Nazism as a political power, von Blomberg began to support it, as his belief was that only a dictatorship (like that in the Soviet Union) could make Germany a great military power.
In 1933, von Blomberg rose to national prominence when he was appointed Minister of Defense in Hitler’s government. He became one of Hitler’s most devoted followers, and worked hard to expand the Army. In 1934, von Blomberg had all of the Jews serving in the Reichswehr given an automatic and immediate dishonorable discharge. He got a reputation as something of a lackey to Adolf Hitler. As such, he was nicknamed “the Rubber Lion” by some of his critics in the Army. In the same year, after President Paul von Hindenburg’s death, von Blomberg ordered all soldiers in the Army to pledge the Reichswehreid (oath of allegiance) not to Folk and Fatherland, but to the new Führer.
In 1935, the Ministry of Defense was renamed the Ministry of War. Generaloberst von Blomberg also took the title of Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. In 1936, the loyal von Blomberg was the first Generalfeldmarschall appointed by Adolf Hitler. His growing power roused the jealousy of Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler, who conspired to oust him from his position. Göring had ambitions of becoming Commander-in-Chief himself.
In late 1937, Hitler announced to his top military-foreign policy leadership that it was time for war in order to expand Germany’s Lebensraum eastwards and to grab the initiative before Britian and France grew too strong. While none of those present had any moral objections to the plans, von Blomberg was one of the few opposed to going to war before 1942, as he didn’t think Germany was prepared for war and that there was a considerable risk that France and Britain might declare war on Germany. This didn’t sit well with Hitler, and this gave Göring and Himmler an opportunity to strike.
Werner von Blomberg had been a widower for some years, but in January 1938, at the age of 59, he married the 26 years old secretary Erna Gruhn. A police officer discovered that Gruhn in 1932 had posed for pornographic photos (taken by a Jew with whom she was living at the time) and reported this to the Gestapo and Hermann Göring (who had served as best man at the wedding). Göring chose to misrepresent Frau von Blomberg’s criminal record as being for prostitution as a way of smearing her husband. He then informed Hitler, who ordered von Blomberg to annul the marriage in order to avoid a scandal. Werner von Blomberg refused, and consequently resigned from all of his posts when Göring threatened to make his wife’s past public knowledge.
Werner von Blomberg’s career ended badly when he flew too close to the sun, but he was right on at least one count: Germany wasn’t prepared for war, and that she would get more enemies than she could handle. The couple were exiled for a year to the isle of Capri in the Mediterranean. Spending WW2 in obscurity, von Blomberg was captured by the Allies in 1945. He later gave evidence at the Nuremberg Trials, earning the scorn of his erstwhile colleagues. While in detention in Nürnberg, Werner von Blomberg died of cancer in 1946, and was buried without ceremony in an unmarked grave. Later, his remains were interred in his residence in Bad Wiessee in Bavaria.
Thanks to member “graveland” on Axis History Forum for identifying von Blomberg.